Studies on Thermal Performance Analysis on Cooling Towers - A Review


  • M. Mohammed Sajjad PG Scholar, Thermal Power Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India.


Cooling towers, Thermal performance, Crosswinds, Drift eliminators, Hybrid model, Natural draft, induced draft


Cooling towers have been in use for different industrial applications for many years. These are a particular class of heat exchangers where industrial process water comes in contact with coolant air, enabling efficient heat rejection from circulating fluid-usually water. There have been many research attempts to improve the overall thermal performance of these systems to develop optimum working methodologies and address current systems' issues. This literature review is done to find out the various thermal performance analysis studies done on various industrial cooling towers.


Bedekar, S. V., Nithiarasu, P., & Seetharamu, K. N. (1998). Experimental investigation of the performance of a counter-flow, packed-bed mechanical cooling tower. Energy, 23(11), 943-947.

Gao, M., Zou, J., He, S., & Sun, F. (2018). Thermal performance analysis for high level water collecting wet cooling tower under crosswind conditions. Applied Thermal Engineering, 136, 568-575.

Amini, M., Zareh, M., & Maleki, S. (2020). Thermal performance analysis of mechanical draft cooling tower filled with rotational splash type packing by using nanofluids. Applied Thermal Engineering, 175, 115268.

Lucas, M., Martínez, P. J., & Viedma, A. (2009). Experimental study on the thermal performance of a mechanical cooling tower with different drift eliminators. Energy Conversion and Management, 50(3), 490-497.

Rahmati, M. (2021). Effects of ZnO/water nanofluid on the thermal performance of wet cooling towers. International Journal of Refrigeration, 131, 526-534.

Zheng, Z., Zhang, D., Jiang, L., Zhang, Z., He, S., & Gao, M. (2021). Numerical simulation on influence of noise barrier on thermal performance for natural draft wet cooling towers. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 28, 101403.

Zhao, Y., Sargent, N., Li, K., & Xiong, W. (2020). A new high-throughput method using additive manufacturing for alloy design and heat treatment optimization. Materialia, 13, 100835.

Ruiz, J., Navarro, P., Hernández, M., Lucas, M., & Kaiser, A. S. (2022). Thermal performance and emissions analysis of a new cooling tower prototype. Applied Thermal Engineering, 206, 118065.

Lavasani, A. M., Baboli, Z. N., Zamanizadeh, M., & Zareh, M. (2014). Experimental study on the thermal performance of mechanical cooling tower with rotational splash type packing. Energy conversion and management, 87, 530-538.

Goodarzi, M., & Keimanesh, R. (2013). Heat rejection enhancement in natural draft cooling tower using radiator-type windbreakers. Energy conversion and management, 71, 120-125.

Siricharoenpanich, A., Wiriyasart, S., Srichat, A., & Naphon, P. (2019). Thermal management system of CPU cooling with a novel short heat pipe cooling system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 15, 100545.

Zheng, W. Y., Zhu, D. S., Zhou, G. Y., Wu, J. F., & Shi, Y. Y. (2012). Thermal performance analysis of closed wet cooling towers under both unsaturated and supersaturated conditions. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 55(25-26), 7803-7811.

Nourani, Z., Naserbegi, A., Tayyebi, S., & Aghaie, M. (2019). Thermodynamic evaluation of hybrid cooling towers based on ambient temperature. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 14, 100406.

Chung, Y. C., Chung, H. H., & Lin, S. H. (2021). Improvement of Temperature and Optical Power of an LED by Using Microfluidic Circulating System of Graphene Solution. Nanomaterials, 11(7), 1719.



How to Cite

M. Mohammed Sajjad. (2022). Studies on Thermal Performance Analysis on Cooling Towers - A Review. Journal of Advanced Mechanical Sciences, 1(1), 26–30. Retrieved from



Review Article