Studies on CFD Analysis in Steam Nozzles - A Review


  • Abhijeet Ghogre PG Scholar, Mechanical Engineering Department, NIT Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.


Steam Nozzle, Convergent, Divergent, Convergent-Divergent, CFD


The nozzle is a device that guides the steam to hit the moving or rotating blades and to convert one form of energy into another i.e., to convert the pressure energy into kinetic energy. Within the case of a small turbine. The nozzle designs are improved depending upon the application where it is used and the factors considered for the design of the system. To examine and understand the performance of different types of nozzles, numerical simulations are done in a analysis software known as fluent. In this review, a literature study was conducted related to temperature, pressure, density, velocity, and power output parameters. In addition, a summary was provided related to the performance of the nozzles in turbines.


Simpson, D. A., & White, A. J. (2005). Viscous and unsteady flow calculations of condensing steam in nozzles. International journal of heat and fluid flow, 26(1), 71-79.

Aravind, T., Reddy, P. R., &Baserkoed, S. S. (2014). Thermal Analysis of Steam Ejector Using CFD. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 3, 18311-18318.

Pujowidodo, H., Siswantara, A. I., Daryus, A., &Gunadi, G. G. R. (2019, January). The analytic and CFD modeling studies of saturated steam mass flow in curved convergent divergent nozzle. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 2062, No. 1, p. 020015). AIP Publishing LLC.

Dura, H. B. (2019). Numerical Investigation of a Steam Nozzle with Focus on Non-Equilibrium Condensation and Unsteady Flow Behavior. Journal of the Institute of Engineering, 15(1), 25-36.

Pennaturu, S., &Issac, P. (2014). Evaluating performance of steam turbine using CFD. Int. J. Latest Trends Eng. Technol, 4, 209-304.

Madhu, B. P., Mahendramani, G., & Bhaskar, K. (2021). Numerical analysis on flow properties in convergent–Divergent nozzle for different divergence angle. Materials Today: Proceedings, 45, 207-215.

Azimian, M., & Bart, H. J. (2016). Computational analysis of erosion in a radial inflow steam turbine. Engineering Failure Analysis, 64, 26-43.

Sharma, N. K., Kumar, A., Sharma, A., Singh, B. P.,&Tyagi, C. (2020). CFD Analysis of Convergent-Divergent Nozzle.Aegaeum Journal, 8 (6), 1359-1372.

Jilani, S. A. &Phaneendra, V.CVS., (2021) Design and Analysis of Steam Turbine Nozzle, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 8(3), 1162-1166.

Ruangtrakoon, N., Thongtip, T., Aphornratana, S., &Sriveerakul, T. (2013). CFD simulation on the effect of primary nozzle geometries for a steam ejector in refrigeration cycle. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 63, 133-145.

Wasie, T. &Getnet, T (2021). Design and Analysis of Fluid Flow inConvergent-Divergentnozzleusing ANSYS Fluent Software, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science, 9(10), 61-76.

Gulawani, S. S., Joshi, J. B., Shah, M. S., RamaPrasad, C. S., & Shukla, D. S. (2006). CFD analysis of flow pattern and heat transfer in direct contact steam condensation. Chemical Engineering Science, 61(16), 5204-5220.



How to Cite

Abhijeet Ghogre. (2022). Studies on CFD Analysis in Steam Nozzles - A Review. Journal of Advanced Mechanical Sciences, 1(4), 125–130. Retrieved from



Review Article